Wrist Position Sense Test (WPST)
(Carey, Oke, & Matyas, 1996)
The Wrist Position Sense Test (WPST) is a quantitative measure of limb position sense of the wrist. It measures an individual’s capacity to perceive their wrist position with vision occluded, following movement by an examiner to different wrist positions within the flexion- extension range. Position sense is indicated by the client moving a pointer to indicate his/her perceived wrist position using a pointer and protractor scale (degree angle). The WPST has age-matched normative standards, good discriminative test properties and an established criterion of abnormality. Test-retest reliability is high (r=0.88 to 0.92).
Reference: Carey, L. M., Oke, L. E., & Matyas, T. A. (1996). Impaired limb position sense after stroke: A quantitative test for clinical use. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 77, 1271-78.
Link to paper: https://www.archives-pmr.org/article/S0003-9993(96)90192-6/pdf
Link to pdf of paper: Carey et al., 1996 (with permission)